Trained at the Young Theater of the Free University of Brussels (ULB), Jean-Claude Drouot follows the Charles Dullin courses. In 1962, he interpreted the classic tragedies and the great works of Molière.
From 1963 to 1966, he obtained an international audience as an interpreter of the title role in Thierry la Fronde, the successful French TV series created by Jean-Claude Deret and broadcast on RTF Television. He made his first film debut in Agnès Varda‘s Le Bonheur (1965) and Paul Vecchiali‘s Les Ruses du devil (1966), but enjoyed his greatest success on television.
Thus, in 1972, he played Rodolphe Vernet, the taciturn husband of Julia Vernet, played by Marie-José Nat, in the Franco-German-Swiss-Canadian TV series Les Gens de Mogador, an adaptation of the romantic saga of Elizabeth Barbier. Later, in 1995, he personifies the writer Émile Zola in The Dreyfus Affair, directed by Yves Boisset.
In parallel, he maintains a strong activity in the theater. From 1984 to 1986, he directed the National Dramatic Center of Reims, the Comédie de Reims. From 1985 to 1990, he was responsible for the National Theater of Belgium in Brussels.
A resident of the Comédie Française from 1999 to 2001, he will also be artistic director of the Jean-Claude Drouot Company and director of numerous plays, notably in co-production with the Pays de la Loire Regional Theater.
Interested in crossing disciplines, he has edited Féminaire in collaboration with the Quatuor Ludwig, a text and music show where the words of Marcel Moreau respond to the scores of Béla Bartók, Franz Schubert, Igor Stravinsky, Johannes Brahms and Dmitry Shostakovich.
He published his memoirs in 2015 under the title The Cherry of the Pirate.